Pain and soreness is unfortunately a completely normal occurrence when it comes to working out, because you are stressing your muscles and your body when you exercise. Just because sore muscles are a part of working out, it does not mean that you cannot take steps to sooth the pains after you workout. When you take better care of your muscles it becomes possible to return to your workout regimen more quickly.
The first thing to understand is the different types of muscle soreness, the first of which is DOMS or delayed-onset soreness. You can alleviate this type of soreness by stretching, properly warming up and properly cooling down. To treat it, try massage, gentle stretching, icing and anti-inflammatory medications that you can obtain over the counter. Do not be a couch potato just because you are sore. Perform active recovery by using techniques like yoga or walking to stay fit while you are recovering from soreness in the muscles.
Long term muscle soreness can appear for longer than 72 hours. Prevent it by easing into your workout and properly warming up and cooling down. Treat it the same way as DOMS. You should not do a particularly hard workout, nor should you skimp on sleep while you are dealing with long-term muscle soreness. You need to give your body enough time to properly repair itself using things like good sleep and active recovery.
Muscle cramps can occur for a variety of reasons in body parts like calves, feet and hamstrings. Prevent these muscle cramps by getting all the vitamins and nutrients that you need. Treat cramps with stretching and gentle massage. When you are having a muscle cramp, the absolute worst thing that you can do for the muscle is to flex it, which can increase the seriousness of the cramp, causing an increase rather than a decrease in the amount of pain that you experience.